The environmental quality objective A Balanced Marine Environment, Flourishing Coastal Areas and Archipelagos aims to ensure that:
– coastal and sea waters achieve good environmental status with regards to physical, chemical, and biological conditions in accordance with the Marine Environment Ordinance (2010:1341),
– coastal waters achieve at least good ecological status or potential and good chemical status in accordance with the Water Quality Management Ordinance (2004:660),
– important ecosystem services of coasts and seas are preserved,
– shallow coastal areas are characterised by a rich biodiversity and natural recruitment of fish, and offer habitats and dispersal pathways for plant and animal species as a part of a green infrastructure,
– habitats and naturally occurring species associated with coasts and seas have a favourable conservation status and sufficient genetic variation within and between populations, and populations of naturally occurring fish species and other marine species remain viable,
– threatened species have recovered and habitats have been restored in valuable coastal and sea waters,
– alien species and genotypes do not threaten biodiversity and cultural heritage,
– genetically modified organisms that can threaten biodiversity are not introduced,
– the natural and cultural heritage values of sea, coastal, and archipelago landscapes are preserved and the conditions for continued preservation and development of these values are in place,
– the status of cultural heritage remains under water is unchanged, and
– the value of sea, coastal, and archipelago landscapes for recreational fishing, bathing, boating and other outdoor activities is safeguarded and maintained, and the impact of noise is minimised.
No. It is not possible to achieve the environmental quality objective by 2020 on the basis of policy instruments already decided on or planned.